invented by Andrey Andreyevich Markov (June 14, 1856 N.S. - July 20, 1922) a Russian mathematician.
a tool for stochastical analysis and resynthesis of texts.
it measures the probability of two letters following each other.
how likely is it for example that an "h" is follow by an "o"?
can be used to generate texts according to the analyzed statistic data.